Human Rights in Indian Context
Being human we are entitled to some rights which are essential for living our life with dignity and self respect. Way back in 1948 United Nations organization made the famous the universal declaration of human rights. But even today these rights are not available to a large chunk of population all over the world and especially in India.
In our country, one can’t even talk about human rights in the contemporary scenario because the very fundamental rights provided by our constitution are still unavailable to the masses. In my point of view our biggest internal security threat i.e. naxalism ( as our PM mentioned it in an address) originated because of failure of our govt. in safeguarding the constitutional rights of its people.
If one carefully examines the area dominated by naxalites or Maoists then one can easily notice that it is till least developed area of the independent India. But Indian govt. is still not trying the solve the conflict through a logical and proper strategy i.e. development of these areas and mutual negotiation with the naxel leaders. But it is waging a war against its own people and innocent tribal people are caught in between.
Under the name of ‘Salwa Judun’ (which means ‘purification hunt’ in local gondi dialect) govt. is hiring naïve tribal youngsters to enlist as special police officers in security forces which are meant for the radiation of the naxal terror.
All types of atrocities are being committed in the name of maintenance of law and order. At the one side government is exploiting a innocent tribal people by enlisting them as SPOs on the meager amount of Rs. 1500 per month (i.e. Rs. 50 a day) and on the other hand it is making the situation even more violent by initiating the operations like ‘Salwa Judum’ and ‘Green Hunt’.
Nobody pays attention to the plight of innocent tribal people who are being exploited by the both govt. as well as naxalites. Infact, they are its major victim as Asian Centre for Human Rights (ACHR) maintains in its report called, “The Adivasi of Chhattisgarh-Victims of the naxaltes and the Salwa Judum Campaign”:-
“It (Salwa Judum) has created a civil war where one is either with the naxalites or with the Salwa Judum… The security forces and the Salwa Judum activists have been responsible for gross violation of International Human Rights and Humanitarian Laws including torture, killings and rape especially during joint operations to bring scattered villages under the Salwa Judum…”
One cannot even speak in our independent nation. The Chhattisgarh special pubic security act 2005 (CSPSA) allows imprisonment for upto three years if anyone is caught making contributions to unlawful organizations, even if the contributor is not a member of such organization. On December 24, 2010, Dr. Binayak Sen, Vice President of the People’s Union for Civil Liberty (PUCL) was sentences to life imprisonment by the Raipur session Court for his violation of this draconian act. Similarly, in 2007 Kartam Joga participated in petitioning in India Supreme Court regarding human rights violations in Chhattisgarh, Joga has been in Dantewara district Jail since 14th September 2010. Like Dr. Sen, joga’s conviction is under the CSPSA and UAPA.
(This is the real situation of India with reference to human rights; no one is secure if he/she wants to fight for their fellow beings to seek justice. This is the right time to come forward to fight against this kind of injustice in India and the Govt. should think over these issues again.)-Editor
-Anonymous (If we get the name we will display it)