Two-Days National Seminar on “Ambedkarite Quest on Egalitarian Revolution in India” organized by Centre for Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Studies, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana held on 26th & 27th November, 2013. It’s a matter of pleasure the faculty and students of Departments of Philosophy, Post Graduate Govt. College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh presented their papers in this seminar.
Rajni Bala (Student of B.A.Final Year) presented her paper on the topic “Contribution of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar to Indian Society” and said, “. B.R. Ambedkar popularly known as Dr. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, was a multifaceted personality, an intellectual, a revolutionary, a philosopher, a patriot, a scholar, a writer, and the constitution maker. He struggled against the untouchability and the caste system. He began to get a taste of the bitter reality of being born as untouchable. Every day he had to carry to the school, a piece of gunny bag to sit upon and teachers would not touch his notebooks, and if he felt thirsty in the school, he could quench his thirst only if someone agreed to pour water into his mouth. He has popularly known as the pioneer who initiated the liberation movement of roughly 65 million untouchables of India. He realized that the right of the untouchables could only be safeguard by making constitutional provision. He was a scholar as much as a “man of action”. He gave an inspiring self-confidence to the Dalits, untouchables and women. He was in the favour of education and equal rights for everyone. He has been regarded as a ray of hope, for downtrodden in India. His vision of democracy and equality was closely related to good society, rationality and the scientific outlook. He held that the emancipation of Dalit in India was possible only through the three-pronged approached of education, agitation and organization. Thus Ambedkarism is the great relevance to Indian society to achieve social justice, removal of untouchability, in establishing equality and true democracy.”
Ms. Manju Chauhan (Ex-student and presently a student of MA (Philosophy), Dept. of Philosophy, P.U.Chandigarh) presented her paper on the topic “Dr. Ambedkar’s Ideas on the Importance of Equality in a ‘Just’ Society” and explained her views “Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar himself has experience the life of an untouchable. So, it has become mission of life to establish a new social order based on justice, liberty and equality. He spent his whole life fighting against discrimination and popularly known as ‘Babasaheb’. He has written on various social and political matters. In this context, he offered a model of ‘just society’ or ‘an ideal society’. According to him, casteless and classless society is must for the success of democracy. So, he wanted to base his society on liberty, equality and fraternity. Dr. Ambedkar from his early childhood was influenced by Buddha, Mahatma Phule, Kabir, etc. All of them stressed on equality in one or the other way and can be seen in the works of B.R. Ambedkar. Through his idea of education, he tried to improve the position of downtrodden or untouchables. He suggested the downtrodden to acquire new skills and start new professions to get equal status in society. He formed political organizations to establish democracy and attacked on caste system and discrimination. Among all his works, it is impossible to find which one is not indicating equality (‘just society’). Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the champion of human rights and emancipation of the untouchables.”
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal presented his paper with the title, “Dr. B.R.Ambedkar ‘s Critique of Democracy in India”and expressed his views, “Various philosophers, political scientists and writers have given numerous ideas on democracy. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was a relentless champion of human rights and staunch believer in democracy, he said: “Democracy is not a form of government, but a form of social organisation.” In “Prospects of Democracy in India” he analyzed Indian Democracy and said a democracy is more than a form of government. It is primarily a mode of associated living. The roots of democracy are to be searched in the social relationship, in the terms of associated life between the people who form a society. He believed that in democracy revolutionary changes in the economic and social life of the people are brought about without bloodshed. The conditions for that are (i) there should not be glaring inequalities in society, that is, privilege for one class, (ii) the existence of an opposition, (iii) equality in law and administration, (iv) observance of constitutional morality, (v) no tyranny of the majority, (vi) moral order of society, and (vii) public conscience. Addressing the Constituent Assembly, he suggested certain devices essential to maintain democracy: “(i) constitutional methods, (ii) not to lay liberties at the feet of a great man, (iii) make a political democracy a social democracy.”
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal
29th November, 2013