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Report on 125th Anniversary Celebration of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
(A Year-long Celebration)
Happy 125th Birth Anniversary of B.R.Ambedkar
The whole world celebrated “World Knowledge Day” to commemorate 125th Birth-Anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Dr. Ambedkar emphasised on liberty, equality, and fraternity in society. He fought against caste and injustice because he found that there were no human rights for a large majority of the people. He rebelled against such a social organization. He wanted to vitalize the masses in India, for equal human rights. For removing the social, economic, political and religious disabilities of the untouchables, it was necessary to establish Government of the people, for the people and by the people. Only under a democratic system of government could social economic, political and religious freedom he ensured equally to every man and woman. His ultimate aim of life was to create a “real social democracy”. So, to commemorate 125th Birth Anniversary of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, Department of Philosophy, PGGCG-11, Chandigarh , Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) and Milestone Education Society (Regd.) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) took following initiatives in the whole year:
All the above, initiatives successful was due to your co-operation and blessings. Hope in future too, we will be guided and motivated by your sincerely dedication towards academics and social responsibility.
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal
13th April, 2016
Greetings of Peace from SPPIS Haryana
May this Diwali gets more happiness and peace in your life.
I am sharing a relevant article on this occasion, must read:
Research article written by famous historian Dr. Rahul Raj of BHU in 2014.
दीपावली अथवा ‘दीपदानोत्सव’ की ऐतिहासिकता
डॉ० राहुल राज
एम०ए० (स्वर्णपदक प्राप्त)
प्राचीन भारतीय इतिहास संस्कृति एवं पुरातत्व विभाग,
बी०एच०यू०, वाराणसी (उ०प्र०)
ऐतिहासिक दृष्टि से देखा जाय तो ‘दीपावली’ को ‘दीपदानोत्सव’ नाम से जाना जाता था और यह वस्तुतः एक बौद्ध पर्व है जिसका प्राचीनतम वर्णन तृतीय शती ईसवी के उत्तर भारतीय बौद्ध ग्रन्थ ‘अशोकावदान’ तथा पांचवीं शती ईस्वी के सिंहली बौद्ध ग्रन्थ ‘महावंस’ में प्राप्त होता है।
सातवीं शती में सम्राट हर्षवर्धन ने अपनी नृत्यनाटिका ‘नागानन्द’ में इस पर्व को ‘दीपप्रतिपदोत्सव’ कहा है। कालान्तर में इस पर्व का वर्णन पूर्णतः परिवर्तित रूप में ‘पद्म पुराण’ तथा ‘स्कन्द पुराण’ में प्राप्त होता है जो कि सातवीं से बारहवीं शती ईसवी के मध्य की कृतियाँ हैं।
तृतीय शती ईसा पूर्व की सिंहली बौध्द ‘अट्ठकथाओं’ पर आधारित ‘महावंस’ पांचवीं शती ईस्वी में भिक्खु महाथेर महानाम द्वारा रचित महत्त्वपूर्ण ग्रन्थ है। इसके अनुसार बुद्धत्व की प्राप्ति के बाद तथागत बुद्ध अपने पिता शुद्धोदन के आग्रह पर पहली बार कार्तिक अमावस्या के दिन कपिलवस्तु पधारे थे।
कपिलवस्तु नगरवासी अपने प्रिय राजकुमार, जो अब बुद्धत्व प्राप्त करके ‘सम्यक सम्बुद्ध’ बन चुका था, को देख भावविभोर हो उठे। सभी ने बुद्ध से कल्याणकारी धम्म के मार्गों को जाना तथा बुद्धा की शरण में आ गए। रात्रि को बुद्ध के स्वागत में अमावस्या-रुपी अज्ञान के घनघोर अन्धकार तो प्रदीप-रुपी धम्म के प्रकाश से नष्ट करनें के सांकेतिक उपक्रम में नगरवासियों नें कपिलवस्तु को दीपों से सजाया था।
किन्तु ‘दीपदानोत्सव’ को विधिवत रूप से प्रतिवर्ष मनाना 258 ईसा पूर्व से प्रारम्भ हुआ जब ‘देवनामप्रिय प्रियदर्शी’ सम्राट अशोक महान ने अपने सम्पूर्ण साम्राज्य, जो कि भारत के अलावा उसके बाहर वर्तमान अफ़ग़ानिस्तान और मध्य एशिया तक विस्तृत था, में बनवाए गए चौरासी हज़ार विहार, स्तूप और चैत्यों को दीपमाला एवं पुष्पमाला से अलंकृत करवाकर उनकी पूजा की थी।
‘थेरगाथा’ के अनुसार तथागत बुद्ध ने अपने जीवनकाल में बयासी हज़ार उपदेश दिये थे। अन्य दो हजार उपदेश बुद्ध के शिष्यों द्वारा बुद्ध के उपदेशों की व्याख्या स्वरुप दिए गए थे। इस प्रकार भिक्खु आनंद द्वारा संकलित प्रारम्भिक ‘धम्मपिटक’ (जो कालान्तर में ‘सुत्त’ तथा ‘अभिधम्म’ में विभाजित हुई) में धम्मसुत्तों की संख्या चौरासी हज़ार थी। अशोक महान ने उन्हीं चौरासी हज़ार बुद्धवचनों के प्रतिक रूप में चौरासी हज़ार विहार, स्तूप और चैत्यों का निर्माण करवाया था। पाटलिपुत्र का ‘अशोकाराम’ उन्होंने स्वयं अपने निर्देशन में बनवाया था। इस ऐतिहासिक तथ्य की पुष्टि ‘दिव्यावदान’ नामक ग्रन्थ के उपग्रन्थ ‘अशोकावदान’ से भी हो जाती है जो कि मथुरा के भिक्षुओं द्वारा द्वितीय शती ईस्वी में लिखित रचना है और जिसे तृतीय शती ईस्वी में फाहियान ने चीनी भाषा में अनूदित किया था।
पूर्व मध्यकाल में हिन्दू धर्म के पुनरुत्थान के साथ इस बौद्ध पर्व में मूल तथ्य के स्थान पर अनेक नवीन कथानक जोड़कर इसे हिन्दू धर्म में सम्मिलित कर लिया गया तथा शीघ्र ही यह हिन्दुओं का प्रचलित त्यौहार बन गया।
K.R. Norman (Tr.) ‘Elders Verses’ translation of Theragatha,Pali Text Society, Oxford,1995, verse- 1022
T.W. Rhys Davids (1901), ‘Ashoka and the Buddha Relics’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Cambridge University Press, UK, pp.397-410
John S. Strong (1989), ‘The Legend of King Aśoka: A Study and Translation of the Aśokāvadāna’, Motilal Banarsidass, New Delhi ISBN 978-81-208-0616-0
John S. Strong (2004), ‘The Relics of the Buddha’, Motilal Banarsidass, New Delhi, ISBN 978-81-208-3139-1, p.136.
Prof. (Dr.) Sohan Raj Tater (b. 1947) is former Vice Chancellor, Singhania University, Pacheri Bari (Jhunjhunu), Rajasthan and former Adviser, Jain Vishva Bharati University, Ladnun (Raj.). He is Emeritus Professor in Trinity World University (U.K.), NAIU (U.S.A.),Jagannath University(Bangladesh), Jodhpur National, JJTU and Singhania University. He is registered Research Supervisor in Abroad and Indian Universities in subjects – Philosophy, Yoga and Education. 25 Scholars have already been awarded Ph.D. in his supervision. Earlier he served in Public Health Engineering Department, Government of Rajasthan, for 30 years and took voluntary retirement from the post of Superintending Engineer. He is Associate member, Patron, Fellow and Life member in various Academic/Social institutes in India and Abroad. He has traveled abroad- U.S.A.,U.K.,Japan, Germany, South Korea, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan countries. A well-known scholar Prof. (Dr.) Sohan Raj Tater has written and got published 75 books and 15 books are under publication in his subjects – Philosophy, Yoga and Education. Besides this his more than 70 Research papers published in National and International journals of repute. Also, he has participated in more than 60 seminars, conferences, workshops, symposias and Endowment Lectures in India and Abroad. He has been awarded with Indira Gandhi Rastriya Akta Award, Samaj Bhushan, Yuvak Ratna, Indo- Nepal Harmony, Bharat Excellence Award, Jain Gyan Vigyan Manishi, Samaj Ratna, Maharshi Patanjali International Award, Indo- Bhutan, Vidhya Bhushan, Naturopathy Ratna and Yoga Ratna National awards. Website: http://www.drsohanrajtater.com/
You may download his full profile and details of research work from here:
Milestone Education Review
(The Journal of Ideas on Educational & Social Transformation)
ISSN:2278-2168 Year 05, No.01, April 2014
(Indexed in Philpapers.org, Scribd.com,Academia.edu, Issuu.com, Researchbib.com and DRJI.org)
Special Issue on Value Education and Philosophy
Chief Editor: Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal
In this issue………..
|Title & Author||Page No.|
|EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY OF RABINDRANATH TAGORE AND PAULO FREIRE: AN EXPOSITION- N. B. Biswas & Mouchumi Deka||6-15|
|VALUE ORIENTED EDUCATION: M.K.GANDHI- Koppula Victor Babu||16-24|
|DEVELOPMENT OF MORALITY IN HUMAN LIFE- Desh Raj Sirswal||25-35|
|A COMPARATIVEANALYSIS OF VALUES OFANCIENT AND MODERN EDUCATION IN INDIA- ReenaKushwaha||36-43|
|VALUE EDUCATION IN THE 21ST CENTURY- Kamna Kakkar& Sapna Rani||44-49|
|Moral Values as related to Culture based Value Education: A Comparative Study-Shailendra Pratap||50-56|
|essay : “IT IS MY LIFE, MY PROBLEMS AND I WILL GIVE MY SOLUTIONS” – INDIAN WOMAN TAKE CHARGE – Manju Chauhan||57-62|
|Short Report on the 150th Birth Anniversary Celebration of Swami Vivekanandaji||63-64|
|CALL FOR PAPERS||68-70|
|PROGRAMMES & PARTICIPATIONS||71-72|
|CONTRIBUTORS OF THIS ISSUE||73|
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The Milestone Education Society (Regd.) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) working since 2005 in the field of school education, social work and higher education through its research initiatives. It started Center for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) in 2010 and contributing continuously in the field of higher education through research journals, various programmes, and published books.
The present initiative Centre for Studies in Educational, Social and Cultural Development (CSESCD) will work on the issues related to downtrodden people though its various activity like discussions, programmes and publications etc. It also promotes the ideology of the educational thinkers who positively contributed in the society.
The present book, “Ideological Crisis in Indian Society “is the first initiative of the Centre. It includes six essays of the students who participated in the essay competition organized by the Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS) and the Department of Philosophy, P.G.Govt College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh to celebrate World Philosophy Day with the theme “Indian Society and Ideological Crisis” on 21st November, 2013. These essays highlight writers’ thinking and need further improvement on the basis of ideas.
On the occasion of Death Anniversary of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, we dedicated this volume to this great personality who is the real motivation for us. His vision of social democracy and equality was closely related to good society, rationality and the scientific outlook.
I must congratulate all the members of Milestone Education Society (Regd.) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) for this new initiatives and submit my humble gratitude towards their positive efforts and kind-cooperation.
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal
Milestone Education Review
(The Journal of Ideas on Educational & Social Transformation)
ISSN: 2278 – 2168
Year 04, No.01 (April, 2013)
A Special Tribute Issue to Commemorate 150th Birth
Anniversary Year of Swami Vivekananda
Nandita Shukla Singh
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Two-Days National Seminar on “Ambedkarite Quest on Egalitarian Revolution in India” organized by Centre for Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Studies, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana held on 26th & 27th November, 2013. It’s a matter of pleasure the faculty and students of Departments of Philosophy, Post Graduate Govt. College for Girls, Sector-11, Chandigarh presented their papers in this seminar.
Rajni Bala (Student of B.A.Final Year) presented her paper on the topic “Contribution of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar to Indian Society” and said, “. B.R. Ambedkar popularly known as Dr. Babasaheb Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, was a multifaceted personality, an intellectual, a revolutionary, a philosopher, a patriot, a scholar, a writer, and the constitution maker. He struggled against the untouchability and the caste system. He began to get a taste of the bitter reality of being born as untouchable. Every day he had to carry to the school, a piece of gunny bag to sit upon and teachers would not touch his notebooks, and if he felt thirsty in the school, he could quench his thirst only if someone agreed to pour water into his mouth. He has popularly known as the pioneer who initiated the liberation movement of roughly 65 million untouchables of India. He realized that the right of the untouchables could only be safeguard by making constitutional provision. He was a scholar as much as a “man of action”. He gave an inspiring self-confidence to the Dalits, untouchables and women. He was in the favour of education and equal rights for everyone. He has been regarded as a ray of hope, for downtrodden in India. His vision of democracy and equality was closely related to good society, rationality and the scientific outlook. He held that the emancipation of Dalit in India was possible only through the three-pronged approached of education, agitation and organization. Thus Ambedkarism is the great relevance to Indian society to achieve social justice, removal of untouchability, in establishing equality and true democracy.”
Ms. Manju Chauhan (Ex-student and presently a student of MA (Philosophy), Dept. of Philosophy, P.U.Chandigarh) presented her paper on the topic “Dr. Ambedkar’s Ideas on the Importance of Equality in a ‘Just’ Society” and explained her views “Dr. Bhim Rao Ramji Ambedkar himself has experience the life of an untouchable. So, it has become mission of life to establish a new social order based on justice, liberty and equality. He spent his whole life fighting against discrimination and popularly known as ‘Babasaheb’. He has written on various social and political matters. In this context, he offered a model of ‘just society’ or ‘an ideal society’. According to him, casteless and classless society is must for the success of democracy. So, he wanted to base his society on liberty, equality and fraternity. Dr. Ambedkar from his early childhood was influenced by Buddha, Mahatma Phule, Kabir, etc. All of them stressed on equality in one or the other way and can be seen in the works of B.R. Ambedkar. Through his idea of education, he tried to improve the position of downtrodden or untouchables. He suggested the downtrodden to acquire new skills and start new professions to get equal status in society. He formed political organizations to establish democracy and attacked on caste system and discrimination. Among all his works, it is impossible to find which one is not indicating equality (‘just society’). Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was the champion of human rights and emancipation of the untouchables.”
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal presented his paper with the title, “Dr. B.R.Ambedkar ‘s Critique of Democracy in India”and expressed his views, “Various philosophers, political scientists and writers have given numerous ideas on democracy. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was a relentless champion of human rights and staunch believer in democracy, he said: “Democracy is not a form of government, but a form of social organisation.” In “Prospects of Democracy in India” he analyzed Indian Democracy and said a democracy is more than a form of government. It is primarily a mode of associated living. The roots of democracy are to be searched in the social relationship, in the terms of associated life between the people who form a society. He believed that in democracy revolutionary changes in the economic and social life of the people are brought about without bloodshed. The conditions for that are (i) there should not be glaring inequalities in society, that is, privilege for one class, (ii) the existence of an opposition, (iii) equality in law and administration, (iv) observance of constitutional morality, (v) no tyranny of the majority, (vi) moral order of society, and (vii) public conscience. Addressing the Constituent Assembly, he suggested certain devices essential to maintain democracy: “(i) constitutional methods, (ii) not to lay liberties at the feet of a great man, (iii) make a political democracy a social democracy.”
Dr. Desh Raj Sirswal
29th November, 2013
The teacher plays a very important role in the life of a student. He plays the key role in the development of the student. He is the nation-builder the real sense. He can make his nation great and strong. He shapes his students in good and responsible citizens. He doesn’t work for the reward. It will be the biggest reward for him if he will be satisfy from his job. He should work with a missionary spirit. An honest teacher is the pride of the whole society. He is an asset to the nation. He is held in high esteem. He is the source of inspiration for the students. He should be caring and sympathetic towards his students. He should serve as the lighthouse for the students.
A good teacher is the master of his subject. His method of teaching should be very simple, clear and to the point. His lessons should sink well into the mind of the students. He can set an example of good and noble life for the students as well as others. Degrees and diplomas do not make a good teacher. His own honesty, thinking, qualities n behavior makes him a good teachers degrees and diplomas just help him to find a job of a teacher. The teacher should be a very balance personality. He should know how to behave, how to talk and most important how to TEACH? He should help to his students to become confident and also help them to come out themselves from their difficulties. A nation can become great through his efforts.
B.A.IIIrd Year (5854)
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